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How Immigration Trends are Changing in the United States 

Group of students near wall with USA flagThe state of immigration is everchanging, especially here in the United States. Ever since its commence, no one has been able to perfectly predict how rates may decrease or increase. These trends usually depend on a number of factors, including the time of year, what events are occurring on an international level, and the current president’s policies regarding immigration. Almost every day, new reports are being sent out to cover which foreigners are coming into the country and the numbers by which they are coming in. More than halfway into 2020, there is much to be said about these immigration trends. We discuss them. 

 

More Latin Americans, Fewer European and Asians 

 

In the year 2018, the United States witnessed the least amount of green cards issued to people from Europe and Asia. The numbers had not been so low since 2010.  The numbers have risen for Latin Americans, based on specific countries and regions. The Caribbean contributed a 30% increase, Central Americans contributed a 34% increase, Venezuelans are a reported 17%, and Mexico is approximately 16% up, all from 2010. 

 

Different Gateways for Immigrants to Come In 

 

New York and California have always been the hotspots where a vast majority of immigrants come into the United States. The same goes for other states such as Florida, Illinois, and Texas. In recent years, immigrants have found other hubs to enter into the United States, such as regions in the Southeast and the Pacific Northwest. This may be due to where exactly the majority of these foreigners are coming from. 

 

Population Growth in the South and West

 

Immigration is one of the key factors in the boom of the population in areas such as the Sun Belt (Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas, two-thirds of California, and parts of North Carolina, Nevada, and Utah), the Pacific Northwest, and the Mountain States. With more immigrants coming in and residing in these parts of the United States, the overall growth has been driven mostly in the Southern and Western regions. 

 

Population Declines in Central America

 

As more foreigners are coming into the United States and establishing family life here, fewer families have been populating in Central American countries. Native-born populations are declining in certain areas of these countries due to the fact that most families and individuals do not return to their homelands, much less do they raise families in their home countries. 

 

Traveling in Families

 

Out of 1.1 million people who became green card holders in 2018, 63% of this number obtained permanent resident status due to family connections to a U.S. citizen or a green card holder they are related to. With this in mind, foreigners are less likely to travel into the United States if they do not already have family there or if they are not traveling with a family. 

 

Longer Wait Times for Permanent Residency Applicants 

 

Wait times are already a soaring burden for those who apply for permanent residency. Due to the fact that so many people are applying, the wait times have been extended. Only a small percentage of applicants were able to obtain permanent residency the same year they applied, in the past two years. As of recent, applicants are informed that the process could take up to (at a maximum) of two years for their application to be filed. 

 

Gaining Citizenship Has Become More Rigorous 

 

Similar to obtaining permanent residency, gaining citizenship is also taking up more time and the process has become much more difficult. This difficulty is due to more requirements and officials have made exams to be much more strict. Immigrants are expected to live in the United States for a certain amount of time (an increase from 2011 policies) before they can be naturalized. 

 

Immigrants Make a Grand Economic Contribution

 

The many immigrants that do become naturalized or obtain their green cards become employed. In fact, 70% of new green card holders in 2018 had jobs and only 1 out of 8 people were unemployed, with most of them being retired or working as home or caretakers. Many of these foreigners who are working in the U.S. provide a vital economic counterbalance to the portion of the U.S. population that is growing older and unable to work. 

 

Get Connected with Dedicated Professionals 

 

The experts at Fong Ilagan closely examine trends and changes in policies in order to better help our clients in the process of moving into the U.S. Whenever you may need us, we are here to answer all of your questions. Contact us today to get started. 

 

Common Issues Immigrants Face In Detention Centers

Lock on a wire security fence in fron of an industrial style building

Caryl Stern, president of the USCIS, once said, “Detention for any length of time, with or without families, is bad for children.” If the conditions are detrimental for children, it’s without a doubt that it affects adults, just the same. Immigration lawyers not only work to keep immigrant families from being held in detention centers but they also work in efforts to remove them if they have been ordered to reside in a center, temporarily. But what exactly makes these centers a chaotic experience for most? We take an inside look at some of the conditions that migrants typically have to tolerate in detention centers all across the country. 

Limited Resources 

 

Families, all too often, have complained about not having enough soap to bathe themselves with, inaccessible places to go to the restroom, even inadequate amounts of toothpaste. What makes matters worse is that most detainees are forced to undergo and work with limited resources for months on end. Furthermore, most of these centers fail to provide materials for first-time parents such as diapers, formula, and much more. It doesn’t help that parents usually can’t wash their own materials due to the lack of water and cleaning solutions as well.  

 

Unsanitary Conditions 

 

What makes these centers often an unhealthy environment to reside is the lack of cleaning supplies. Since soap is scarce, there is not much cleaning that can be done. Detainees are also limited to the amount of water they can use. Due to these minimal efforts, many detainees have complained about how dirty the centers can be and how fast residue builds. Although cleaning staff are usually assigned to clean these centers, it can be hard to keep up with so many families being held. 

 

Lack of Medical Care and Staff 

 

In these conditions, detainees are much more susceptible to becoming sick or injured. Detention centers are ordered to contact medical experts and assistants when it is necessary. Although, some of these doctors are usually far out of reach and may come at a time when it is already too late. By not having immediate care, death rates have gone up in these facilities. For more fatality rates, more lawsuits are being held against these centers, all of which obtain numbers that they can’t pay. 

 

High Infection Rates 

 

Where there are unsanitary living conditions, there are high infection rates. Temperatures are usually extremely cold with lights on twenty fours hours a day, as doctors and pediatricians have witnessed. Some of the most common infections that spread within these facilities include flu, lice, chickenpox, and scabies. These infections usually start out with symptoms such as fever, cough, diarrhea, and vomiting. The children in these detention centers are more prone to catching these infections as opposed to the adults, nonetheless, the rates are high. 

 

Invasion of Privacy

 

Families in detention centers usually request space to themselves, but this is not offered nor given. Most of these migrants are undergoing harsh times, therefore it can be hard to cope with what they dealing with when they are forced to share rooms and facilities with other migrants. Even worse, when migrants are patted down to be checked for prohibited items, some have reported being groped and inappropriately touched. Lack of respect is especially prevalent in these detrimental situations. 

 

Tight Space

 

Most detention facilities barely have enough beds. Some reports have emerged in the news regarding children who have had to sleep on concrete floors or tough slabs. Some of the adults have had to sacrifice laying down at all, having to stand up for days due to inefficient space. Furthermore, reports have come up stating that detention centers usually attempt to cram 900 people into a space that is designed to accommodate 125 at most. It’s evident that there isn’t much comfort, much less room, for these migrants to adapt to. 

 

Who Exactly Is Being Held In These Detention Centers? 

 

The vast majority of migrants that are ordered to stay in these detention centers are seeking to flee from violence in Northern Triangle countries including El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Currently, more than 50,000 people are currently being held and detained in ICE facilities, in which half a fifth of this number is comprised of children. 

 

Fight the Battles of Immigration with the Experts at Fong Ilagan 

Here at Fong Ilagan, we believe it is our duty to serve justice where it is deemed necessary. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you in your case and help you manifest a smooth transition into the U.S.

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